The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate

The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate Author Robert D. Kaplan
ISBN-10 0812982223
ISBN-13 9780812982220
Year 2013-09-10
Pages 448
Language English
Publisher Random House Trade Paperbacks
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In this provocative startling book Robert D Kaplan the bestselling author of Monsoon and Balkan Ghosts offers a revelatory new prism through which to view global upheavals and to understand what lies ahead for continents and countries around the world In The Revenge of Geography Kaplan builds on the insights discoveries and theories of great geographers and geopolitical thinkers of the near and distant past to look back at critical pivots in history and then to look forward at the evolving global scene Kaplan traces the history of the worlds hot spots by examining their climates topographies and proximities to other embattled lands The Russian steppes pitiless climate and limited vegetation bred hard and cruel men bent on destruction for example while Nazi geopoliticians distorted geopolitics entirely calculating that space on the globe used by the British Empire and the Soviet Union could be swallowed by a greater German homeland Kaplan then applies the lessons learned to the present crises in Europe Russia China the Indian subcontinent Turkey Iran and the Arab Middle East The result is a holistic interpretation of the next cycle of conflict throughout Eurasia Remarkably the future can be understood in the context of temperature land allotment and other physical certainties China able to feed only 23 percent of its people from land that is only 7 percent arable has sought energy minerals and metals from such brutal regimes as Burma Iran and Zimbabwe putting it in moral conflict with the United States Afghanistans porous borders will keep it the principal invasion route into India and a vital rear base for Pakistan Indias main enemy Iran will exploit the advantage of being the only country that straddles both energy producing areas of the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea Finally Kaplan posits that the United States might rue engaging in far flung conflicts with Iraq and Afghanistan rather than tending to its direct neighbor Mexico which is on the verge of becoming a semifailed state due to drug cartel carnage A brilliant rebuttal to thinkers who suggest that globalism will trump geography this indispensable work shows how timeless truths and natural facts can help prevent this centurys looming cataclysms Praise for The Revenge of Geography An ambitious and challenging new book The Revenge of Geography displays a formidable grasp of contemporary world politics and serves as a powerful reminder that it has been the planets geophysical configurations as much as the flow of competing religions and ideologies that have shaped human conflicts past and present Malise Ruthven The New York Review of Books Robert D Kaplan the world traveling reporter and intellectual whose fourteen books constitute a bedrock of penetrating exposition and analysis on the post Cold War world strips away much of the cant that suffuses public discourse these days on global developments and gets to a fundamental reality that geography remains today as it has been throughout history one of the most powerful drivers of world events The National Interest Kaplan plunges into a planetary review that is often thrilling in its sheer scale encyclopedic The New Yorker The Revenge of Geography serves the facts straight up Kaplans realism and willingness to face hard facts make The Revenge of Geography a valuable antidote to the feel good manifestoes that often masquerade as strategic thought The Daily BeastFrom the Hardcover edition

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